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Tonsillitis / Adenoiditis


Best Hospital for Tonsillitis treatment in Kphb| Kukatpally | Hyderabad

My health hospitals has best ENT Surgeons with 10 + years of experience in the field of EAR, NOSE & THROAT diseases and their treatment especially Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy in patients with difficulty swallowing secondary to tonsils / adenoids with advanced and best technology(Nasal endoscopy / oto scopy / ENT microscopy) with best results through safe and painless surgery with less hospital stay duration and prevent future problems and recurrence .

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Dr Avinash

Dr. Avinash

ENT Specialist
Timings : 10 am - 6 pm
4.7 : myhealthhospital
based on 879 reviews
---- Overview ----


Tonsils are small pads of immune tissues on each side of the back of the throat. They are an essential part of the immune system in children but eventually lose their functionality. Since these tissues are present in s a vulnerable position, they can be easily infected.

Most of these cases of tonsillitis are caused by viral infection, but bacterial infections may cause tonsillitis.

Symptoms include swollen tonsils , difficulty in swallowing and tender lymph nodes on the sides of the neck.

Surgery to remove tonsils(Tonsillectomy), is usually performed only when tonsillitis occurs frequently, and donot respond to other treatments or causes serious complications.

What are the Causes of tonsillitis ?

Tonsillitis is most often caused by viruses, but bacterial infections also can be the cause.

The most common bacteria causing tonsillitis is Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus), the bacterium that causes strep throat.


What are the Symptoms of tonsillitis ?

Tonsillitis most commonly affects preschool age children and teens. Symptoms of tonsillitis include-

  • Red, swollen tonsils
  • White or yellow coating on the tonsils
  • Sore throat
  • Difficult or painful swallowing
  • Fever
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck
  • A scratchy, muffled or throaty voice
  • Bad breath
  • Neck pain or stiff neck
  • Headache

How do we diagnose Tonsillitis ?

Your ENT surgeon will start with a physical exam that will include:

  • Checking for a rash , which is associated with some cases of strep throat and tonsillitis
  • Gently feeling (palpating) your child's neck to check for swollen glands (lymph nodes)
  • Listening to breathing pattern with a stethoscope

Throat swab & culture -

The doctor rubs a sterile swab over the back of your throat to get a sample of Pharyngeal secretions. The sample will be checked in a lab for bacteria.

Complete blood cell count (CBC)

Your Surgeon may order a CBC with a small sample of your child's blood which tells the presence of Infection assessed bt cell counts.


What are the treatment options of Tonsillitis ?

Usually a Tonsillitis secondary to viral infection lasts five to seven days and doesn't usually require aggressive medical treatment.

Pain killers may be advised to ease pain and fever.

Treating bacterial infections-

If your child's tonsillitis is caused by a bacterial infection, your ENT surgeon will prescribe antibiotics.

You must take the full course of antibiotics even if the symptoms are gone. Failure to take as directed can result in worsening of infection or spreading to adjacent organs through blood stream

Lifestyle and home remedies -

Rest - Get plenty of sleep.

Drink plenty of fluids - Fluids keep the throat moist and prevent dehydration and also avoid caffeine and alcohol, which can dehydrate you. Warm liquids , caffeine-free tea or warm water with honey can soothe a sore throat.

Gargle with saltwater. A saltwater gargle of 1/4 teaspoon of table salt with a glass of warm water can help soothe a sore throat.

Consider lozenges or hard candy - can soothe a sore throat, but donot give them to children age less than 4 years because of choking risk.

Avoid irritants - Keep your home free from cigarette smoke and cleaning products that can irritate the throat.

Stay at home until you're no longer sick - This can help protect others from catching a cold or other virus as it spreads from 1 person to other.

Surgery –Tonsillectomy :
  • Frequently recurring tonsillitis
  • Chronic tonsillitis or bacterial tonsillitis that doesn't respond to course of antibiotic treatment.
  • Complications secondary to tonsillitis such as Obstructive sleep apnea /difficulty in breathing /difficulty in swallowing/abscess that does not improve with antibiotic treatment.
Suregry Process -

Tonsillectomy is usually performed under general anesthesia to ensure that the patient has no pain associated with the surgery.

Generally, coblation or cauterization tonsillectomy are widely considered to be the best treatments for tonsillectomy and the procedures are clearly explained to patient if surgery is the treatment of choice.

During cauterization tonsillectomy, the surgeon uses low-energy electrocautery to remove the inflamed tonsils.

On the other hand, during coblation tonsillectomy, the surgeon uses low-temperature radiofrequency ablation with saline to precisely remove the tonsils. Both these techniques of tonsillectomy prevent damage to the surrounding tissues and thus help in a faster recovery.

Tonsillectomy surgery generally takes about 20-30 minutes, and then the patient is shifted to a recovery ward. Most patients are discharged within 24 hours and even if they are hospitalized for overnight observation.

with ice packs to soothe them. However, if there is too much blood, then you need to visit an emergency room immediately. Generally, these scabs fall off on their own within 5 to 10 days with very little pain.

---- FAQs ----


The main function of tonsils is fighting infection. Your tonsils contain a lot of white blood cells,which help kill germs. As your tonsils are in the back of your throat, they can “catch” germs that enter your body through your nose or mouth.

If you still have your tonsils, you can see them when you open your mouth wide and look in the mirror. They’re oval-shaped, pinkish mounds of tissue located on each side of your throat.

Healthy, normal tonsils are pinkish in color. But your tonsils can appear red and swollen if they’re inflamed or infected.

Tonsillitis is most common in children, but it can affect people of all ages. Tonsillitis rarely occurs in children under the age of three.

Tonsillitis is very common. Most people have tonsillitis at least once in their lifetime.

The most common symptom is a very sore throat. You might feel quite tired and weak, like you have a bad cold or flu. People with tonsillitis may experience a host of other symptoms, which we’ll outline in the section below.

Yes. The viruses and bacteria that cause tonsillitis are highly contagious. They’re passed along by:

  • Kissing or sharing utensils, food or drink.
  • Coming into close contact with someone who’s sick.
  • Touching a contaminated surface and then touching your nose or mouth.
  • Inhaling tiny particles that become airborne when a sick person sneezes or coughs.

If you have chronic or recurring tonsil infections, your healthcare provider may recommend a tonsillectomy. This is a procedure to surgically remove your tonsils.

In most cases, tonsillitis symptoms go away in three to four days. But if symptoms last longer, you should schedule a visit with your healthcare provider to rule out other, more serious issues.

Most cases of viral tonsillitis clear up in a few days with fluids and plenty of rest. Antibiotics usually eliminate bacterial tonsillitis (strep throat) in about 10 days. Tonsillitis usually doesn’t cause any serious or lasting health problems.

Most of the time, tonsillitis symptoms go away in three to four days. As mentioned above, be sure to call your healthcare provider if your symptoms last longer than that.

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