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Abdominal Pain


Best Abdominal Pain Treatment in Hyderabad

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Dr Krishna Chaitanya

Dr. Krishna Chaitanya

(Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery)
GI,General and Laparoscopic Surgeon
Timings : 10 am - 6 pm
4.9 : myhealthhospital
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---- Overview ----

Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain refers to discomfort or distress in the area between the chest and pelvis. It can have various causes, including indigestion, gas, constipation, menstrual cramps, and infections. In some cases, it may indicate a more serious condition such as appendicitis, kidney stones, or gallbladder issues. Prompt medical evaluation is recommended for severe or persistent abdominal pain.

what are the causes of Abdominal Pain?

Abdominal pain can have multiple causes, ranging from mild and temporary to severe and chronic conditions. Common causes include gastrointestinal issues such as indigestion, gas, and bloating, often resulting from overeating, consuming spicy or fatty foods, or having food intolerances. Constipation, diarrhea, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can also lead to abdominal discomfort.

More serious causes of abdominal pain include infections such as urinary tract infections, gastroenteritis, or appendicitis. Inflammatory conditions like pancreatitis, diverticulitis, or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can cause persistent or recurring abdominal pain. Conditions affecting the reproductive system, such as menstrual cramps, ovarian cysts, or endometriosis, may also result in abdominal pain.

Other potential causes include kidney stones, gallbladder issues, hernias, intestinal obstruction, or abdominal trauma. In some cases, the pain may be referred from other organs, such as the heart (as in cases of a heart attack) or the lungs (as in cases of pneumonia).

It is crucial to seek medical evaluation if you experience severe, prolonged, or worsening abdominal pain, as it can indicate a serious underlying condition that requires treatment. A healthcare professional will be able to assess your symptoms, conduct appropriate tests, and provide a diagnosis to determine the cause of your abdominal pain.


What are the symtoms of Abdominal Pain?

The symptoms of abdominal pain can vary depending on the underlying cause. However, some common symptoms associated with abdominal pain include:

  • Pain or discomfort: This is the primary symptom of abdominal pain. The pain can range from a dull ache to sharp, stabbing sensations. It may be localized to a specific area or spread throughout the abdomen.
  • Nausea and vomiting: Many people with abdominal pain experience feelings of nausea or may vomit. This can be a result of gastrointestinal issues, infections, or other underlying conditions.
  • Bloating and gas: Abdominal pain may be accompanied by bloating and excessive gas. This can occur due to indigestion, overeating, or digestive disorders like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
  • Changes in bowel movements: Some individuals may experience changes in their bowel movements, such as diarrhea or constipation, along with abdominal pain. These changes can be indicative of gastrointestinal issues or infections.
  • Fever and fatigue: In cases where abdominal pain is caused by infections or inflammatory conditions, fever and fatigue may be present. These symptoms often accompany the underlying cause of the pain.

It is important to note that abdominal pain can have various causes, and the presence or absence of these symptoms can provide valuable information for healthcare professionals in determining the underlying cause and providing appropriate treatment.


what are the investigations of Abdominal pain?

When evaluating abdominal pain, healthcare professionals may recommend several investigations to help diagnose the underlying cause. The specific investigations can vary depending on the individual's symptoms, medical history, and physical examination findings. Here are some common investigations that may be conducted:

  • Blood tests: Blood tests can provide valuable information about the overall health and potential underlying conditions. Complete blood count (CBC), liver function tests, kidney function tests, and inflammation markers (such as C-reactive protein) are often included in the panel.
  • Imaging studies: Various imaging techniques can be used to visualize the abdomen and identify potential abnormalities. These may include:
    • Ultrasound: It uses sound waves to create images of organs in the abdomen, such as the liver, gallbladder, kidneys, and reproductive organs.
    • X-ray: X-rays can help detect certain conditions like bowel obstruction or the presence of kidney stones.
    • CT scan: Computed tomography (CT) scan provides detailed cross-sectional images of the abdomen, allowing for a comprehensive evaluation of organs and structures.
    • MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce detailed images, particularly useful for assessing soft tissues and organs.
  • Endoscopic procedures: If there is a suspicion of gastrointestinal issues, an endoscopy or colonoscopy may be performed. These procedures involve inserting a thin, flexible tube with a camera into the digestive tract to visualize the lining of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, or colon.
  • Urine and stool tests: These tests can help identify infections, presence of blood or other abnormalities in the urine or stool, which may indicate gastrointestinal or urinary tract conditions.

The choice of investigations will depend on the individual case, and the healthcare professional will determine which tests are necessary based on the patient's symptoms, medical history, and physical examination findings.


what is the treatment of Abdominal pain ?

The treatment of abdominal pain depends on the underlying cause and may vary from conservative measures to medical interventions or surgery. Here are some general approaches to the treatment of abdominal pain:

  • Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen may help alleviate mild to moderate abdominal pain. However, it is important to consult a healthcare professional before taking any medication, as certain conditions or medications may require specific pain management approaches.
  • Lifestyle changes: Making certain lifestyle modifications can be beneficial in managing abdominal pain. This may include dietary adjustments to avoid trigger foods, eating smaller and more frequent meals, staying hydrated, and incorporating regular exercise.
  • Treating underlying conditions: If the abdominal pain is caused by a specific condition, such as gastritis, gastroenteritis, or gallstones, treating the underlying cause is crucial. This may involve medications such as antibiotics, antacids, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), or medications to manage specific conditions like IBS or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
  • Surgical intervention: In cases where abdominal pain is caused by conditions like appendicitis, gallbladder disease, or certain types of hernias, surgical intervention may be necessary to address the underlying problem.

It is important to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan tailored to the individual's specific situation. The treatment approach will depend on the underlying cause, severity of symptoms, and overall health of the patient.

---- FAQs ----

Abdominal Pain

You should seek medical attention for abdominal pain if it is severe, persistent, or accompanied by other concerning symptoms such as fever, vomiting blood, difficulty breathing, or intense tenderness. Additionally, if you have a pre-existing condition or are pregnant, it is important to consult a healthcare professional promptly.

For mild abdominal pain, you can try some home remedies to alleviate discomfort. These may include drinking plenty of water, applying a heating pad to the affected area, practicing relaxation techniques like deep breathing or meditation, avoiding trigger foods, and gently massaging the abdomen. However, if the pain persists or worsens, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional.

Yes, stress and anxiety can contribute to abdominal pain. The gut-brain connection plays a significant role in how emotions can manifest in physical symptoms. Conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are closely linked to stress and anxiety, often resulting in abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel habits. Managing stress through relaxation techniques, exercise, and seeking emotional support can help in alleviating stress-induced abdominal pain. However, it is important to rule out other potential underlying causes, so consulting a healthcare professional is recommended.

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