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GI and Laparoscopic

Breast Lump


Best treatment of Breast Lumps with surgery in Hyderabad

My Health provides minimally invasive surgery for Breast lumps at an affordable cost to help people get rid of the bulge and constant pain in the breast.

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Dr Krishna Chaitanya
Dr. Krishna Chaitanya
(Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery)
GI and Laparoscopic Surgeon
Timings : 10 am - 6 pm
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---- Overview ----

Breast Lumps

A breast lump is a localized swelling or growth that can be felt or seen in the breast tissue. While many lumps are harmless, they should always be evaluated by a healthcare professional to determine if further testing or treatment is necessary, as some lumps may be indicative of breast cancer.

what are the causes of Breast Lumps ?

Breast lumps can have various causes, including:

  • Fibrocystic changes: Non-cancerous changes in breast tissue that can cause lumps or areas of thickening.
  • Cysts: Fluid-filled sacs that can develop within the breast tissue.
  • Fibroadenomas: Benign tumors that consist of glandular and connective tissue.
  • Infections: Certain infections, such as mastitis, can lead to breast lumps accompanied by pain and inflammation.
  • Trauma: Injury or trauma to the breast can cause the development of a lump.
  • Hormonal changes: Fluctuations in hormone levels during menstrual cycles, pregnancy, or menopause can contribute to the formation of breast lumps.
  • Breast cancer: While most breast lumps are not cancerous, some can be a sign of breast cancer. It's important to get any unusual lump evaluated by a healthcare professional.

It's worth noting that these are general causes, and a proper evaluation by a healthcare professional is essential to determine the specific cause of a breast lump.


what are the Symptoms of Breast Lumps ?

Symptoms of breast lumps can vary depending on the underlying cause. Common symptoms include:

  • Presence of a lump: A noticeable mass or swelling in the breast tissue that may feel firm or rubbery. It can be painless or painful.
  • Changes in breast shape or size: The affected breast may appear different in shape or size compared to the other breast.
  • Skin changes: Skin dimpling, puckering, redness, or thickening of the skin over the lump.
  • Nipple changes: Nipple retraction (pulling inward), scaling, or discharge, particularly if it is spontaneous, bloody, or clear.
  • Breast pain or tenderness: Some lumps can cause localized pain or tenderness.
  • Swollen lymph nodes: Lumps in the breast may be accompanied by enlarged lymph nodes under the armpit or in the neck area.

It's important to remember that not all breast lumps indicate cancer, but any persistent or concerning symptoms should be evaluated by a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.


what are the Investigations of Breast Lumps ?

When evaluating breast lumps, healthcare professionals may conduct various investigations to determine the cause. These investigations may include:

  • Clinical breast examination (CBE): A healthcare professional examines the breasts and surrounding areas, checking for any abnormalities, such as lumps or changes in shape or texture.
Imaging tests
  • Mammogram: An X-ray of the breast that can detect suspicious areas or abnormalities.
  • Ultrasound: Sound waves are used to create images of the breast tissue, helping to differentiate between solid masses and fluid-filled cysts.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This test uses powerful magnets and radio waves to generate detailed images of the breast, providing additional information about the lump or the surrounding tissue.

Biopsy: In cases where a lump is suspicious or cannot be clearly diagnosed by imaging alone, a biopsy may be performed. This involves removing a sample of tissue from the lump for examination under a microscope. Types of biopsies can include:

  • Fine-needle aspiration biopsy: A thin needle is used to extract cells from the lump.
  • Core needle biopsy: A larger needle is used to remove a small sample of tissue.
  • Surgical biopsy: A surgical procedure is performed to remove a part or the entire lump for further analysis.

The choice of investigations depends on several factors, including the characteristics of the lump and the individual's medical history. The healthcare professional will determine the appropriate investigations based on the specific situation.


what are the treatment options for Breast Lumps?

The treatment options for breast lumps depend on the underlying cause. Here are some common approaches:

  • Observation and monitoring: If the lump is determined to be benign and not causing any significant symptoms or concerns, it may be monitored over time to ensure stability or resolution.
  • Medications: Certain types of breast lumps, such as cysts or fibrocystic changes, may be managed with medications. Hormonal therapies, such as birth control pills or hormone-blocking medications, can help reduce symptoms and prevent the formation of new lumps.
  • Drainage or aspiration: In the case of a fluid-filled cyst, the healthcare professional may drain the cyst using a needle (aspiration) to alleviate symptoms and reduce the size of the lump.
  • Surgical removal: If the lump is solid, persistent, or there is a concern for cancer, surgical removal may be recommended. This can involve a lumpectomy (removal of the lump) or, in some cases, a mastectomy (removal of the entire breast).
  • Treatment for breast cancer: If the lump is cancerous, treatment options will depend on the stage and characteristics of the cancer. It may involve a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and hormone therapy.

The specific treatment approach will be determined by the healthcare professional based on the individual's diagnosis, overall health, and preferences. It is crucial to consult with a healthcare provider to discuss the best treatment options for a breast lump.

---- FAQs ----

Breast Lumps

No, not all breast lumps are cancerous. In fact, the majority of breast lumps are benign (non-cancerous) and can be caused by various factors such as hormonal changes, cysts, or fibrocystic changes. However, it's important to have any new or concerning breast lump evaluated by a healthcare professional to determine its nature and whether further testing or treatment is needed.

Performing regular breast self-examinations can help you become familiar with your breast tissue and identify any changes or abnormalities. To perform a breast self-exam, visually inspect your breasts for any changes in size, shape, or skin appearance. Then, using your fingers, feel your breasts in a circular motion, checking for lumps or areas of thickening. It's recommended to perform this exam once a month, a few days after your menstrual period when your breasts are least likely to be tender or swollen.

It's advisable to see a healthcare professional if you notice any new or unusual breast lump or experience changes in your breast tissue. Additionally, seek medical attention if you observe persistent breast pain, nipple discharge (especially if it is spontaneous, bloody, or clear), changes in breast shape or size, or any other concerning symptoms. A healthcare provider will be able to conduct a thorough evaluation, order necessary tests, and provide appropriate guidance and treatment based on your specific situation.

Remember, always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and guidance regarding breast lumps or any other health concerns.

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