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ENT

Sore Throat

ENT

Best Hospital for Sore Throat treatment in Kphb | Kukatpally | Hyderabad

My health hospitals has best ENT Surgeons with 10 + years of experience in the field of EAR, NOSE & THROAT diseases and their treatment especially sore throat causes and management with advanced and best technology(Nasal endoscopy / oto scopy / ENT microscopy) with best results through safe and painless surgery with less hospital stay duration and prevent future problems and recurrence .

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---- Overview ----

Sore Throat

A sore throat is irritation and pain in the throat that often worsens when you swallow. Most common cause of sore throat (pharyngitis) is a viral infection, such as a cold or the flu.

Strep throat (streptococcal infection), a less common type of sore throat caused by bacteria which requires treatment with antibiotics .

Other less common causes of sore throat may require more complex treatment modalities.

What are the Causes of sore throat ?

Most commonly caused by Viral Infection and less often bacterial infections cause sore throats.

Viral infections-

  • Common cold
  • Flu (influenza)
  • Mono ( Infectious mononucleosis)
  • Measles
  • Chickenpox
  • Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Bacterial infections-

The most common Organism causing sore throat is Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus) which causes strep throat apart from rare bacterial infections.

Other causes of a sore throat include-

Allergies – Allergens like molds , dust and pollen can cause a sore throat

Dryness - Dry air in the indoors can make your throat feel rough and scratchy

Irritants - Outdoor air pollution such as tobacco smoke or chemicals can cause a chronic sore throat.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) – reflex of gastric contents causing cough and sore throat.

Tumors- Tumors of the throat, tongue or larynx can also cause a sore throat.

causes

What are the Symptoms of sore throat ?

Symptoms of a sore throat vary depending on the cause. Signs and symptoms might include:

  • Pain or a scratchy sensation in the throat
  • Pain that worsens with swallowing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Sore, swollen glands in your neck or jaw
  • Swollen, red tonsils
  • White patches or pus on your tonsils
  • A hoarse or muffled voice

Sorethroat associated with infection may also cause additional symptoms -

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Body aches
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
symptoms

How do we diagnose Sore throat ?

Your doctor may review the symptoms and your medical history. He or she may conduct a physical exam that examination of throat and neck and also assess for any recent infections .

Other additional tests if needed will include -

Throat swab & Culture -

The doctor gets a sample of secretions by rubbing a sterile swab over the back of the throat and sends the sample to a lab for testing. The test results will be available in 24-48 hrs.

Rapid antigen tests -

These tests aren't sensitive, although they can detect streptococcal bacteria quickly.

Molecular testing –

In some cases, Your surgeon may use a molecular test to detect streptococcal bacteria for accurate results but this test has still to be supported by medical studies.

diagnosis

What is the treatment of sore throat ?

Usually a sore throat secondary to viral infection lasts five to seven days and

doesn't usually require aggressive medical treatment.

Pain killers mayb be advised to ease pain and fever.

Treating bacterial infections-

If your sore throat is caused by any bacterial infection, your ENT surgeon will prescribe antibiotics.

You must take the full course of antibiotics as prescribed even if the symptoms are gone or else can lead to complications.

Lifestyle and home remedies -

Rest - Get plenty of sleep.

Drink plenty of fluids - Fluids keep the throat moist and prevent dehydration and also avoid caffeine and alcohol, which can dehydrate you. Warm liquids , caffeine-free tea or warm water with honey can soothe a sore throat.

Gargle with saltwater. A saltwater gargle of 1/4 teaspoon of table salt with glass of warm water can help soothe a sore throat.

Consider lozenges or hard candy - can soothe a sore throat, but donot give them to children age less than 4 years because of choking risk.

Avoid irritants - Keep your home free from cigarette smoke and allergens that can irritate the throat.

Stay at home until you're no longer sick -This can help protect others from catching a cold or other virus as it spreads from 1 person to other.

treatment-bph
---- FAQs ----

Sore Throat

A sore throat may start with a raspy feeling in your throat, as if your throat is dry. It may also feel like your throat is on fire. If your sore throat gets worse, you may feel a sharp pain in your throat when you swallow or talk. You may feel pain in your ears or down the side of your neck.

It can be. For example, a sore throat that lasts more than two weeks may be a symptom of throat cancer.A sore throat is one symptom of COVID-19.Most of the time, however, a sore throat is a symptom of less serious conditions.

First, find out why you have a sore throat. If your doctor finds a cold or flu is the culprit, ask for recommendations for getting better as quickly as possible.

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